IFC 4.3.x development IfcVirtualGridIntersection

Change log


modificationsattributes IntersectingAxes definitionChanged from list[2:2] of unique IfcGridAxis to list[2:2] of IfcGridAxis


modificationsattributes IntersectingAxes definitionChanged from list[2:2] of IfcGridAxis to list[2:2] of unique IfcGridAxis Semantic definitions at the entity

IfcVirtualGridIntersection defines the derived location of the intersection between two grid axes. Offset values may be given to set an offset distance to the grid axis for the calculation of the virtual grid intersection.

The two intersecting axes (IntersectingAxes) define the intersection point, which exact location (in terms of the Cartesian point representing the intersection) has to be calculated from the geometric representation of the two participating curves.

NOTE  The IfcGrid local placement, that can be provided relative to the local placement of another spatial structure element, has to be taken into account for calculating the absolute placement of the IfcVirtualGridIntersection. Where rules and informal rules ensure, that the IntersectingAxes belong to the same IfcGrid

Offset values may be given (OffsetDistances). If given, the position within the list of OffsetDistances corresponds with the position within the list of IntersectingAxes. Therefore:

  • OffsetDistances[1] sets the offset to IntersectingAxes[1],
  • OffsetDistances[2] sets the offset to IntersectingAxes[2], and
  • OffsetDistances[3] sets the offset to the virtual intersection in direction of the orientation of the cross product of IntersectingAxes[1] and the orthogonal complement of the IntersectingAxes[1] (which is the positive or negative direction of the z axis of the design grid position).

The following figures explain the usage of the OffsetDistances and IntersectingAxes attributes.

2D offsets

Figure 1 illustrates two offset distances given where the virtual intersection is defined in the xy plane of the grid axis placement.

Figure 1 — Virtual grid intersection with two offsets

3D offsets

Figure 2 illustrates three offset distances given where the virtual intersection is defined by an offset (in direction of the z-axis of the design grid placement) to the virtual intersection in the xy plane of the grid axis placement.

Figure 2 — Virtual grid intersection with three offsets


The distance of the offset curve (OffsetDistances[n]) is measured from the basis curve. The distance may be positive, negative or zero. A positive value of distance defines an offset in the direction which is normal to the curve in the sense of an anti-clockwise rotation through 90 degrees from the tangent vector T at the given point. (This is in the direction of orthogonal complement(T).) This can be reverted by the SameSense attribute at IfcGridAxis which may switch the sense of the AxisCurve.

offset direction

Figure 3 illustrates an example of a negative offset where the figure shows the side of the offset.

  • IntersectingAxes[1].AxisCurve is an IfcTrimmedCurve with an IfcCircle as BasisCurve and SenseAgreement = TRUE.
  • IntersectingAxes[1].SameSense = TRUE.
  • OffsetDistances[1] is a negative length measure

Figure 3 — Virtual grid intersection negative offset


HISTORY  New entity in IFC1.5.

IFC2x CHANGE  Renamed from IfcConstraintRelIntersection.

Informal Propositions:

  1. Both, IntersectingAxes[1] and IntersectingAxes[2] shall be two IfcGridAxis defined by the same IfcGrid.
  2. IntersectingAxes[1] and IntersectingAxes[2] shall not be part of the same row of grid axes, i.e. both shall not be within the same set of IfcGrid.UAxes or IfcGrid.VAxes of the corresponding IfcGrid. Attributes

#Attribute Type Description
1IntersectingAxesLIST [2:2] OF UNIQUE IfcGridAxisTwo grid axes which intersects at exactly one intersection (see also informal proposition at IfcGrid). If attribute OffsetDistances is omitted, the intersection defines the placement or ref direction of a grid placement directly. If OffsetDistances are given, the intersection is defined by the offset curves to the grid axes.
2OffsetDistances LIST [2:3] OF IfcLengthMeasure Offset distances to the grid axes. If given, it defines virtual offset curves to the grid axes. The intersection of the offset curves specify the virtual grid intersection. Entity inheritance

dot_inheritance IfcVirtualGridIntersection IfcVirtualGridIntersection Formal representations

ENTITY IfcVirtualGridIntersection;
	IntersectingAxes : LIST [2:2] OF UNIQUE IfcGridAxis;
	OffsetDistances : LIST [2:3] OF IfcLengthMeasure;