IFC 4.3.x development

8.8.3.40 IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid

Change log

IFC4

additions where_rules DirectrixBounded
modificationsattributes EndParam is_optional Changed from False to True
modificationsattributes StartParam is_optionalChanged from False to True

IFC4X1

additionswhere_rulesDirectrixBounded
deletionswhere_rulesDirectrixBounded

IFC4X2

additionswhere_rulesDirectrixBounded
deletionswhere_rulesDirectrixBounded

IFC4X3_RC3

deletions attributes Directrix
deletions attributes EndParam
deletions attributes StartParam
deletions where_rulesDirectrixBounded
modificationssupertype Changed from IfcSweptAreaSolid to IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid

8.8.3.40.1 Semantic definitions at the entity

The IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid is the result of sweeping an area along a directrix that lies on a reference surface. The swept area is provided by a subtype of IfcProfileDef. The profile is placed by an implicit cartesian transformation operator at the start point of the sweep, where the profile normal agrees to the tangent of the directrix at this point, and the profile''s x-axis agrees to the surface normal. At any point along the directrix, the swept profile origin lies on the directrix, the profile''s normal points towards the tangent of the directrix, and the profile''s x-axis is identical to the surface normal at this point.

NOTE  The profile area''s normal has to be identical to the tangent of the directrix at any given point. In case of a directrix having a linear segment at the start point, the segment has to be perpendicular to the profile at start.

The Directrix and the ReferenceSurface are positioned within the object coordinate system. The start of the sweeping operation is at the StartParam, the parameter value is provided based on the curve parameterization. If no StartParam is provided the start defaults to the begin of the directrix. The end of the sweeping operation is at the EndParam, the parameter value is provided based on the curve parameterization. If no EndParam is provided the end defaults to the end of the directrix. The geometric shape of the solid is not dependent upon the curve parameterization; the volume depends upon the area swept and the length of the Directrix.

NOTE  The StartParam and the EndParam are not normalized by default, they depend upon the parameterization of the curve. However using the IfcReparametrisedCompositeCurveSegment within an IfcCompositeCurve as the directrix allows to explicitly reparameterize the underlying sweeping curve. In case of a closed curve, such as IfcCircle or IfcEllipse, as the directrix, StartParam and the EndParam shall not exceed the parametic range, they shall not be > 360°.

EXAMPLE  The reference surface is any surface (plane, cylindric, composite) situated in 3D space and positioned in the object coordinate system. In most cases, it is a plane or a surface of extrusion. The directrix lies on the surface, in case of a plane it might be defined as a polyline or composite curve, in case of a cylindrical or other non-planer reference surface it might often be defined as a p-curve on this reference surface.

At any point of the directrix, a plane can be constructed. The origin of the position coordinate system of the implicit plane lies at the directrix. The Axis3 (the z-axis, or normal) of the position coordinate system is identical to the tangent of the directrix at this point, the Axis1 (the x axis, or u) of the position coordinate system is identical to the normal of the reference surface at this point. The Axis2 (the y axis, or v) is constructed.

The resulting body of the swept solid is not repositioned if the inherited Position attribute is omitted. Otherwise the coordinate system established by the Position attribute is used to reposition the body relative to the object coordinate system.

 
















surface curve wept area solid
EXAMPLE  Figure 1 illustrates an example using a cylindrical reference surface and a p-curve for sweeping a rectangle. The Postion is not provided and therefore it does not reposition the resulting swept solid. Figure 2 shows the expected result.

NOTE  The start of the directrix lies at the origin of the object coordinate system, as shown in the illustration,
only by coincidence. The start of the directrix and thereby the start of the sweeping operation might be at any point within the object coordinate
system and only depends on the position of the directrix.

Figure 1 — Surface curve wept area solid parameter


 
surface curve wept area solid

Figure 2 — Surface curve wept area solid results


NOTE  Definition according to ISO/CD 10303-42:1992
A surface curve swept area solid is a type of swept area solid which is the result of sweeping a face along a Directrix lying on a ReferenceSurface. The orientation of the SweptArea is related to the direction of the surface normal.

The SweptArea is required to be a curve bounded surface lying in the plane z = 0 and this is swept along the Directrix in such a way that the origin of the local coordinate system used to define the SweptArea is on the Directrix and the local x-axis is in the direction of the normal to the ReferenceSurface at the current point. The resulting solid has the property that the cross section of the surface by the normal plane to the Directrix at any point is a copy of the SweptArea.

The orientation of the SweptArea as it sweeps along the Directrix is precisely defined by a Cartesian Transformation Operator 3D with attributes: > * Local origin as point (0., 0., 0),
* Axis 1 as the normal N to the reference surface at the point of the directrix with parameter u.
* Axis 3 as the direction of the tangent vector t at the point of the directrix with parameter u. The remaining attributes are defaulted to define a corresponding transformation matrix T(u), which varies with the directrix parameter u.

NOTE  Entity adapted from **surface_curve_swept_area_solid** defined in ISO 10303-42.

HISTORY  New entity in IFC2x2.

Informal Propositions:

  1. The SweptArea shall lie in the implicit plane z = 0.
  2. The Directrix shall lie on the ReferenceSurface.

8.8.3.40.1 Attributes

# Attribute Type Description
IfcRepresentationItem
LayerAssignment SET [0:1] OF IfcPresentationLayerAssignment FOR AssignedItemsAssignment of the representation item to a single or multiple layer(s). The LayerAssignments can override a LayerAssignments of the IfcRepresentation it is used within the list of Items.

> IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignments has been added.

> IFC4 CHANGE  The inverse attribute LayerAssignment has been restricted to max 1. Upward compatibility for file based exchange is guaranteed.



StyledByItem SET [0:1] OF IfcStyledItem FOR Item Reference to the IfcStyledItem that provides presentation information to the representation, e.g. a curve style, including colour and thickness to a geometric curve.



> IFC2x3 CHANGE  The inverse attribute StyledByItem has been added.



IfcGeometricRepresentationItem
IfcSolidModel
Dim INVALID The space dimensionality of this class, it is always 3.
IfcSweptAreaSolid
1 SweptArea IfcProfileDef The surface defining the area to be swept. It is given as a profile definition within the xy plane of the position coordinate system.
2 Position OPTIONAL IfcAxis2Placement3D Position coordinate system for the resulting swept solid of the sweeping operation. The position coordinate system allows for re-positioning of the swept solid. If not provided, the swept solid remains within the position as determined by the cross section or by the directrix used for the sweeping operation.

> IFC4 CHANGE  The attribute has been changed to OPTIONAL with upward compatibility for file-based exchange.

IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid
3 Directrix IfcCurve The curve used to define the sweeping operation. The solid is generated by sweeping the SELF\IfcSweptAreaSolid.SweptArea along the Directrix.
4 StartParam OPTIONAL IfcCurveMeasureSelect The parameter value on the Directrix at which the sweeping operation commences. If no value is provided the start of the sweeping operation is at the start of the Directrix.
5 EndParam OPTIONAL IfcCurveMeasureSelect The parameter value on the Directrix at which the sweeping operation ends. If no value is provided the end of the sweeping operation is at the end of the Directrix.
IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid
6 ReferenceSurfaceIfcSurface

8.8.3.40.2 Entity inheritance

dot_inheritance IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid->IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid IfcFixedReferenceSweptAreaSolid IfcFixedReferenceSweptAreaSolid IfcFixedReferenceSweptAreaSolid->IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid IfcSweptAreaSolid IfcSweptAreaSolid IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid->IfcSweptAreaSolid IfcExtrudedAreaSolid IfcExtrudedAreaSolid IfcExtrudedAreaSolid->IfcSweptAreaSolid IfcSolidModel IfcSolidModel IfcSweptAreaSolid->IfcSolidModel IfcRevolvedAreaSolid IfcRevolvedAreaSolid IfcRevolvedAreaSolid->IfcSweptAreaSolid IfcSolidModel_children 4 more... IfcSolidModel_children->IfcSolidModel IfcGeometricRepresentationItem IfcGeometricRepresentationItem IfcSolidModel->IfcGeometricRepresentationItem IfcGeometricRepresentationItem_children 24 more... IfcGeometricRepresentationItem_children->IfcGeometricRepresentationItem IfcRepresentationItem IfcRepresentationItem IfcGeometricRepresentationItem->IfcRepresentationItem IfcRepresentationItem_children 3 more... IfcRepresentationItem_children->IfcRepresentationItem

8.8.3.40.3 Formal representations

ENTITY IfcSurfaceCurveSweptAreaSolid
 SUBTYPE OF (IfcDirectrixCurveSweptAreaSolid);
	ReferenceSurface : IfcSurface;
END_ENTITY;